Metro is a term that has come from the term metropolitan area that we generally use for rapid transit systems or metro trains, rapid transit is the fastest mode of transport that saves a lot of time for the general public which goes traveling through other modes.
Rapid Transit or Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)
MRT or Rapid Transit is public transport through trains and generally also called the subway, heavy rail, tube, underground, etc. in different countries.
Some facts about Metro Systems:-
- There are more than 200 metro systems in 60+ countries throughout the world.
- Shanghai Metro is the largest metro system by route length.
- New York Subway has the highest number of stations.
- The deepest station in the world is in Kyiv, Ukraine.
- Tokyo Subway in Japan is the busiest metro in World.
1. New York Subway
The New York City Subway is the rapid transit system serving New York City and Manhattan, Bronx, Brooklyn, and Queens in the United States and is one of the oldest and busiest metro systems in the world with the highest number of 472 stations and 36 lines and saw annual ridership of 1.7 billion in 2017.
Began operations in 1904, the network is 400 Km long with around 6000+ vehicles.
Riding the subway costs $2.75 for most riders and Metro cards costs $1.
Official Website: https://new.mta.info
2. Beijing Subway
Beijing Subway which started its operations in 1971 is the rapid transit system serving the city of Beijing with 428 stations and 24 lines with annual ridership of 3.84 billion and covers 727Km of the network. Beijing Subway is the busiest metro system in the world and is the oldest transit system in China.
The shortest distance on one line costs 3 yuan to travel. The Airport Express line costs 25 yuan.The Longest journey on one line costs 9 yuan.
3. Paris Metro
Paris Metro(Métro in French) is the transit system serving Paris in France. It is the second busiest system in Europe and the tenth busiest in the world with 300+ stations and 16 lines with mostly underground stations and 225.1 kilometers long network.
The single journey ticket or also called as T+Ticket costs around $2.20. Travelers can also opt for Passe Navigo or Paris Visite cards to explore the city.
Official Website: https://www.ratp.fr/en/plan-metro
Other useful links:-
4. London Underground
The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a rapid transit system serving Greater London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex, and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. London Metro is the 12th busiest system in the world. The system has 270 stations and 250 miles (400 km) of the track.
London Metro is divided into 6 zones with fare starting from £4.90 and varies according to the route for single journey.
Official Website: https://tfl.gov.uk/modes/tube
Other useful Links:
5. Tokyo Metro
Tokyo Metro/Subway (Tōkyō Metoro) is a rapid transit system in Tokyo, Japan. The system has 9 lines and 180+ stations with annual ridership of 6.84 million.
24-hour Ticket: Adult - 800 yen, Child- 400 yen
48-hour Ticket: Adult -1200 yen, Child- 600 yen
72-hour Ticket: Adult - 1,500 yen, Child- 750 yen
Pasmo and Suica are the other two payment modes which are accepted on the stations
Official Website: https://www.tokyometro.jp
6. Delhi Metro
Started operating in 2002, Delhi Metro is a mass rapid transit (MRT) system serving Delhi and NCR(National Capital Region). It has 253 stations and 10 operational lines. It is the busiest metro system in India with annual ridership of 926.1 million in 2018. It connects Gurugram, Noida
Fare starts from Rs. 40 and ranges within Rs120, travellers can also use metro card by paying Rs 200 with Rs 150 balance and Rs. 50 refundable.
Official Website: http://www.delhimetrorail.com/
Other Useful Links:
7. Seoul Metro
Seoul Metro is a transit system for Seoul and the Northwest part of South Korea. It consists of 22 lines that cover rapid transit, light metro, commuter rail across the northwest part. There are 726 stations with a route length of 330+ KM making it one of the busiest transit systems in the world.
Basic Fare starts from 1,250KRW for first 10km for single journey and 100KRW gets added every 5 Km for upto 50Km. People can also use T-Money card.
Official Website: http://www.seoulmetro.co.kr/
8. Singapore Metro
Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) or Singapore Metro is the biggest transit system in Singapore covering the whole rail line network in the country. There are 187 stations(122 in operation, 63 more under construction, and 2 reserved) and 9 Lines with Annual Ridership of 1.4 billion in 2019 as per Wikipedia.
Fare for Adults ranges from $0.92 — $2.17.
9. Berlin Metro
Berlin U-Bahn or Berlin Metro is the rapid transit system serving Berlin the capital city of Germany. Started operations in 1902, U-Bahn has 173 stations with on Nine lines, with a total track length of 151.7 Km. The Annual ridership is 553.1 million.
Fare of single ticket costs around 1.80 Euros to 2.60 Euros.
Short Distance Ticket costs 1.90 Euros, reduced 1.40 Euros and is valid for three stops with S- and U-Bahn.
Official Website: https://www.berlin.de/
10. Moscow Metro
Moscow Metro is a rapid transit system serving Moscow the capital and largest city of Russia. This is the sixth-longest metro system in the world with 239 stations and 17 lines with a route length of 408.1 km and is the busiest metro system in Europe.
Moscow Metro fares start at 57 rubles for a one-way ticket, which is good for five days after purchase.
Official Website: www.engl.mosmetro.ru